Pension in Case of Loss of Supporter
The following persons, if they live in Latvia are entitled to receive survivor’s pension, if the deceased person has been a socially insured person:
1) children of the deceased person irrespective of the fact whether they had been supported by him/her:
- children under 18 years , irrespective of age;
- children if they have become disabled before reaching the age of 18;
2) family members incapable of work, that had been supported by the deceased person:
- brothers, sisters, grandchildren, younger than 18, if they do not have parents capable of work;
- brothers, sisters, grandchildren, they have become disabled before reaching the age of 18, if they do not have parents capable of work;
Above mentioned persons older than 18 have the right to this pension if they are studying at general, vocational education institutions, colleges or higher education institutions in full time studies, except the time when the person has stopped studies, and are not older than 24.
If the above mentioned persons live in different families, then each of these families receive the pension part due to them, which is a part of the total pension amount.
Pension is granted in accordance with the law On state pensions.
Survivor’s pension is taxable object in accordance with Article 3 (3) Subparagraph 14 and Article 13 of the Law On Personal Income Tax.
The person applying for the survivor’s pension has to submit:
- application for the pension;
- death certificate;
- child’s birth certificate;
- documents about the insurance period of the deceased person;
- documents proving relationship;
- child’s disability documents;
- documents about having been supported by the deceased person;
- notice from the educational establishment if the child is older than 18.
Documents can be submitted to any local office of the SSIA.
When applying for the pension a personal ID document has to be produced.
Survivor’s pension is calculated taking into account the breadwinner’s possible old age pension:
- for one child – 50% from the pension;
- for two children – 75% from the pension;
- for three and more children – 90% from the pension.
The size of survivor’s pension to each child cannot be less then minimum size of pension defined in the rules of the Cabinet of Ministers.
From April 1st, 2017 the size of survivor’s pension for each child:
- up to six years (including) – 92,50 euros ;
- up to six years (including) to children disabled since the childhood – 106,72 euros;
- from seven years – 111,00 euros.
Survivor’s pensions granted and recalculated till March 3rd, 2017 have to be revised from April 1st, 2017. Payment of a difference between the minimum size and the calculated size of a survivor’s pension has to be carried out no later than September 30th, 2017.
Minimum size of survivor’s pension is defined by the rules No.156 of March 21st, 2017 of the Cabinet of Ministers “Rules on the minimum size and order of revision of Pension in case of loss of supporter, Insurance indemnity after loss of supporter and State social security allowance in case of loss of supporter”
For children, who have lost both parents, separate survivor’s pension for each parent shall be granted.
Survivor’s pension is granted from the day of death of the breadwinner, if the documents are submitted within 12 months time from the breadwinner’s death.
Survivor’s pension can be received at the place of residence or transferred to the beneficiary’s account at the bank or postal account system (PNS).
Delivering the survivor’s pension to the place of residence is a charged service and currently the price is 2,39 euro.
Payment of survivor’s pension to persons who are permanently moving to a foreign country
After year 2002, for persons who are permanently moving to a foreign country that is outside of the EU/EEA memberstates and with whom the Republic of Latvia has not signed an agreement in the social security field, pensions granted in the Republic of Latvia can be continued to be paid to a bank account in Latvia. In this case, it is necessary for the concerned person to contact the SSIA department prior to leaving, he/she should provide personal ID, submit a claim for continued payment of their pension, specify the bank account of the credit institution in Latvia, as well as specify his/her new address of residence. If the recipient of the pension and the dependent person (-s) have already moved to a foreign country and the concerned person wishes to continue receiving their pension in Latvia, the previously stated documents should be sent by mail or submitted by the mediation of an authorized person, attaching to the claim a notarial certification (prepared no later than one month before submitting the claim) which testifies that the recipient of the pension and the dependent person (-s) are alive.
Henceforth, any person that is living in a foreign country and receiving a Latvian pension, will have to submit to the SSIA department (each year during the period 1st of October – 15th of December) a written claim for continued payment of a pension, sending it by mail or submitting it by the mediation of an authorized person. A notarial certification (prepared no later than one month before submitting the claim) which testifies that the recipient of the pension and the dependent person (-s) are alive has to be attached to the claim.
To continue receiving payment of the survivor’s pension, the dependent person (-s) aged from 18 and until reaching 24 years has to also provide a notice from their educational institution about their full time training or studies.
When submitting documents issued in foreign countries, they have to be formatted accordingly to the rules of document validation. If the document has been issued in a foreign language, a translation of the document might be necessary.
A claim for continued payment of a pension (i.e. the notice from the educational institution) can also be submitted personally by the recipient of the pension and the dependent person (-s) in the SSIA department, upon presenting personal ID. In this case, it is not necessary to present a notarial certification which testifies that the recipient of the pension is alive.